The word ANZAC has now become embedded within the Australian psyche and any new arrival to this country who seeks to become an Australian; they are expected to understand what it means. The word ANZAC does not mean glory, of fighting for freedom, nor of dying for a flag. No it means more than just that. A copy of the complete article may be downloaded by clicking on: ANZAC DAY AT THE GOING DOWN OF THE SUN – 100 YEARS ON
It symbolises and encapsulates such items as mateship, bonding, doing the right thing, togetherness, compassion, looking after one another, caring for a mate or the battler, being cobbers for life and remembering those who paid the ultimate sacrifice. This word became so special to all those wore the uniform of Australia that each generation attempts to emulate the one before it.
QUOTE: “The ‘Australian national character’ is (in this case)about helping neighbours, giving people the benefit of the doubt, welcoming strangers, and ‘having a go’ at making life better.” Tony Abbott – Australian Prime Minister – 28 June 2014.
We all know that the ANZAC also stands for Australian and New Zealand Army Corps and that together the two nations lost a generation of men who otherwise would have been contributing to the welfare of their respective countries. It is therefore no wonder that families, friends and relatives throughout Australia grieved for the fallen at Gallipoli and the Western Front.
Those who fought at Gallipoli went also on to fight on the Western front and in doing so carried with them a new type of camaradie that did not exist before. A special bonding of mates that quickly spread throughout the Australian and New Zealand armies; while they fought in the trenches at Flanders, Pozieres, Villers Bretenoux and other hostile areas during WW1.
Those who returned made many promises to mates who paid the ultimate sacrifice and by all accounts the average digger kept his word where he could. The Returned Services League (RSL) is one example and the other is Legacy. Both of these organisations worked tirelessly behind the scenes in order to provide support and much need services to the widows and children left behind by those who were buried in a far off land.
Many parents, widows and mothers proudly wore the badges to indicate that they had lost a loved one. Almost every town in Australia was strewn with the small marble digger with the names of the many who had fallen in battle inscribed upon the base or on a commemorative pillar.
For many years after WW1, Australians who had lost loved ones suffered greatly and endured much hardship. A personal hardship made even worse by a world depression which almost brought Australia to its knees and a breakdown in societal behaviours. New comers to Australia were not welcome, not even those from Great Britain who was seen by many as having drawn Australia into a war that caused the death of many of its youth. However despite all of these misgivings and feelings of xenophobia, Australians being a resilient and courageous young nation got on with nation building.
POEM: “The headlines in bold print read that we had won Parades with military bands and ticker tape had begun. Crowds cheered as war weary soldiers marched down the street. Generals and Politicians with puffed up chests spoke of brilliant feats. While loved ones struggling to seek tomorrow suffered pain. Grieving for the missing, dead and the maimed”. George Mansford (Brigadier retired) – 11 January 2015. Painting: Ben Quiltey
When WW2 began to rear its ugly head and at a time when most Australians thought there would never ever be another war like the “Great War” they found themselves answering the call once again in aid of the “mother country”.
This time Australians had become wiser, more confident and their lawmakers far more savvy about world events than their predecessors of WW1. No longer would they follow blindly incompetent leaders into battle or allow themselves to be thrust once again into a theater of war that was not of their own choosing.
This time Australians along with their brother in arms the Kiwis went into battle, better armed, trained and skilled in the art of warfare enabling them to seek out the enemy under any terrain and weather, close with the enemy and bring about their utter destruction. Time after time throughout WW2, the ANZACs’ proved their mettle in any battle that they found themselves, never shirking an engagement and taking the battle to the enemy. Foreign Army commanders marveled at the courageous ANZACs’ and commented that their skill in battle was akin to the ancient Spartans.
As years went by the word ANZAC and the Gallipoli began to take on a heroic and glorified appearance of epic proportions which soon became part of the Australian and New Zealand “Bronze” ANZAC culture. However this “Bronze” ANZAC culture hit a brick wall during the Vietnam War and caused many a returning soldier to seek solace in the bottle, isolation, marriage breakups, depression and a host of other ailments.
Australian service personnel had never before faced such a hostile society and were at pains to understand why they were being targeted and being referred to as “child murderers, rapists and war mongers. The word ANZAC meant nothing to the Australian protesters and it was not long before Australian service personnel were ordered not to wear their uniform in public.
However in the late 1980s’ and early 1990s’, measures were taken by some Returned Service League clubs to reintroduce the word ANZAC and to tie it in with patriotism, nationalism and pride in being an Australian. Bruce Ruxton the RSL President in Victoria was one of the main leaders who brought about that change along with other key RSL figures throughout Australia.
Ex service personnel would visit schools and give presentations, government ministers would provide free Australian flags, public lectures would be provided, Defence Force personnel were indoctrinated into the ANZAC culture, paramilitary and law enforcement agencies followed suit, and communities were also encouraged to create an ANZAC awareness. Australians were encouraged to sing the National Anthem, Advance Australia Fair and it became part of the Australian Citizenship ceremony. Mind you many preferred Waltzing Matilda, but wiser heads prevailed and the former was chosen.
Today as we approach the 100 year anniversary, Australians are beginning to question the alleged myths surrounding the Gallipoli campaign and focus more on the western front where more blood was shed than at any other part of the Great War. There also reputable historians who are questioning the “Bronze” ANZAC image, the incompetence of some its military leaders, the mutinies that occurred, the larrikinism and breakdown in military discipline during the Great War.
One can only fathom that reason for doing so is that Australians have now grown to the stage where they have the maturity to question the historic military paradigms of the past without the fear of being ridiculed.
QUOTE: We have “a particular responsibility towards those who have worn the nation’s uniform. Because there is in my view, no higher calling than to wear the uniform of Australia”. Kevin Rudd – Prime Minister – 8 September 2008.
This is a healthy sign that Australians’ can come to grips with a military past that was sometimes riddled with errors that could have been avoided had the troops had the right training, leadership, equipment and warfare experience.
What many of the public do not realize is that the Australian Defence Force always studied past conflicts with the aim of improving its effectiveness in the field and how to best take battle to the enemy with the minimum if any casualties.
Those who have served in the Australian Defence know full well that their training is a very high standard and that there is no room for error or any place for someone who will not pull their weight. It is no wonder that our Defence Force personnel are the envy of other countries that look upon the ANZACs’ as warriors to be respected.
In conclusion, where does that leave us as Australians’ in this day and age? Do we continue to build upon the ANZAC image and revere it as something of a cult status and not to be discussed? Or are we mature enough to say to ourselves that those who went before us left a legacy behind that is worth emulating and surpassing. That is the question that is on the lips of many. It matters little what colour your skin is, what religion you follow, what your origins are or what football team you follow, we are all Australians’ and such are united in creating one nation under one flag as one people.
Should not the word ANZAC be a call to arms, a rallying cry for freedom and not a symbol or word to be misused as a sales gimmick or misrepresented by those who wish to sully the legacies of a generation who went before us? Having said the above, remember that next time you purchase a poppy or an ANZAC badge, it is not to glorify war but to remind us of those who paid the ultimate sacrifice so that we can live the freedoms we enjoy today. “Vigilance is not just a word!”
Peter Adamis is a Journalist/Commentator and writer. He is a retired Australian military serviceman and an Industry organisational & Occupational (OHS) & Training Consultant whose interests are within the parameters of domestic and international political spectrum. He is an avid blogger and contributes to domestic and international community news media outlets as well as to local and Ethnic News.
He holds a Bachelor of Adult Learning & Development (Monash), Grad Dip Occupational Health & Safety, (Monash), Dip. Training & Assessment, Dip Public Administration, and Dip Frontline Management. Contact via Email: [email protected] or via Mobile: 0409965538